The ancient city of Xanthos lies on the southern Aegean coast that is today known as western Turkey. The ruins are the result of a transient history with evidence to suggest Lycian, Hellenic, Roman and Byzantine origin.
Xanthos was once the most powerful city in the centre of Lycia and is situated on the southern tip of the Xanthos Delta on a hill of important strategic value.
The Lion Grave, Harpyien Monument and the Nereiden Monument are among the city’s finest archaeological treasures, as well as an acropolis and a theatre.
The impressive graveyard complex conceals numerous inscriptions that threaten punishment and curses in order to deter grave robbers.
It is difficult to believe that the city’s brave inhabitants had to endure their city being destroyed twice while resisting their enemies. But the myth of Xanthos lives on!
Global Treasures - History's Most Protected Monuments - Heritage is our legacy from the past, what we live today, and what we pass on to future generations. Our cultural and natural heritage are both irreplaceable sources of life and inspiration. Places as unique and diverse as the wilds of East Africa's Serengeti, the Pyramids of Egypt, the Great Barrier Reef in Australia and the Baroque cathedrals of Latin America make up our world's heritage. Join us as we explore one of these protected monuments.