Glurns Glorenza is a small town in Southern Tyrol. A written account of the town was first made in the 12th century, however, it only received its status as a Meinhardinic town in 1294. Today, the picturesque town has seven hundred inhabitants and even now, enjoys certain privileges once granted to it by a royal prince. Shortly after the founding of the town, around the end of the 13th century, it began the flowering period of the Tyrolean trading routes and commercial centers of the Middle Ages.
In 1499, the outbreak of the Engadiner War shook Glurns. During the Battle of Calven on May 22nd, events took a turn for the worse. Constant hostilities between the Hapsburg and Swiss Confederation finally led to a great battle and the defeat of the royal troupes. The hostile farmers´ army took the Hapsburg army by surprise, thus a massacre took place within the defenseless town. Approximately 6,000 people were killed and a week later, King Maximillian saw for himself the full extent of the catastrophic massacre.
Throughout the centuries, an impressive part of the Tyrol’s moving history has been well preserved beyond the unique walls, towers and gates of Glurns Glorenza.
Global Treasures - History's Most Protected Monuments - Heritage is our legacy from the past, what we live today, and what we pass on to future generations. Our cultural and natural heritage are both irreplaceable sources of life and inspiration. Places as unique and diverse as the wilds of East Africa's Serengeti, the Pyramids of Egypt, the Great Barrier Reef in Australia and the Baroque cathedrals of Latin America make up our world's heritage. Join us as we explore one of these protected monuments.