Homer called Malta, ?The Centre of The Sea?. This island, situated in the heart of the Mediterranean, was important to both the orient and the occident. After the Phoenicians and the Punier came, the Romans followed then the Arabs and the Normans. But it was the Knights of Malta who made the most indelible mark here.
Valletta is also known as The City of Palaces and is Malta?s main city, full of historic buildings. In 1530, the Order of the Knights of Malta moved its main residence to this part of the island.
The St. John?s Co-Cathedral was built in 1577 by Gerolama Cassar as a monastic church of the Order of the Knights of Malta and its splendid interior was financed by the profits gained from hostilities mounted by the Order against Muslim trading ships.
Mosta is situated in the middle of the island, a busy small town with a famous landmark, Mosta Cathedral, a huge sacred building whose mighty dome can be seen from almost anywhere on the island.
The rugged southern coast of Malta contains small fjord-like features and numerous grottos, the most spectacular of which is the Blue Grotto. From the village of Zurrieq, a steep path leads down to the sea and when the weather is suitable, experienced guides take passengers on small boats through a narrow canyon into the grotto where the color of the water is truly fascinating.
One of the prettiest villages on Gozo is Gharb, whose Baroque parish church dominates the main square. Here it is as though time really has stood still.
With 7,000 years of history, Malta is a colorful and beautiful island with tales of the sea and noble knights, a tantalising pearl set in the very heart of the Mediterranean.