The magnificent buildings within Mozartís famous city of Salzburg are not the only reason why it is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Austria. The Prince Archbishop, Wolf Dietrich, ordered that Salzburg Cathedral be built according to Italian Early Baroque design. It was constructed between 1614 and 1628 on the site of a previous Romanic building.
At one time, the Getreidegasse served as the main road of the old city and on January 27th 1756, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born in house number seven. One hundred nineteen metres above the town is one of Middle Europeís most well preserved castles, Hohensalzburg, which covers an area of around 30,000 square metres.
The centre of Kapitel Square is dominated by a Schwemme, a fountain that dates back to the 18th century, where the cityís horses were washed down. There are numerous impressive sacred buildings in the city, such as the Baroque Kollegien Church designed by Johann Bernhard Fischer Von Erlach.
A fascinating and remarkably attractive park surrounds the Hellbrunn that dates back to both the Manieristic and Early Baroque period. The interior of the palace is as beautiful as its external appearance. Illusionist architectural paintings were a popular device designed to alienate reality.
Due to the exquisite taste of the royal archbishops of a glorious age, today Salzburg is one of the most beautiful Baroque cities in Europe.
Global Treasures - History's Most Protected Monuments - Heritage is our legacy from the past, what we live today, and what we pass on to future generations. Our cultural and natural heritage are both irreplaceable sources of life and inspiration. Places as unique and diverse as the wilds of East Africa's Serengeti, the Pyramids of Egypt, the Great Barrier Reef in Australia and the Baroque cathedrals of Latin America make up our world's heritage. Join us as we explore one of these protected monuments.